By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This e-book describes the advance of ocean sciences during the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how beginning (NSF) to the field's development. a few of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the ebook how the discoveries have been made attainable via mixtures of insightful members, new know-how, and every so often, serendipity.
as well as describing the improvement of ocean technology, the ebook examines the institutional buildings and know-how that made the advances attainable and provides visions of the field's destiny. This e-book is the first-ever documentation of the heritage of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were accountable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and profession employees during the last 50 years.
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Additional info for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
Chemosynthetic Hydrothermal Vent Communities (Plate 1) This is an easy landmark to start with because it has all the dramatic elements of discovery. We may no longer set out on voyages of discovery, but in the past 50 years the pace of biological discovery has been awesome. , 1979). The existence of a new kind of ecosystem with dramatic new biochemical adaptation fueled the imagination of everyone. The names associated with this pioneering work on chemosynthesis are a cross section of the gentry of biological oceanography.
The near coincidence of these events with the beginning of the long period of normal polarity of the Earth's magnetic field and of the widespread deposition of organic-rich black sediments and evidence for warm climates, has stimulated a search for causal connections among these effects. Passive Continental Margins The Atlantic Ocean is bordered by passive continental margins, segments of which have been subsiding and receiving continent-derived and carbonate sediments since the Middle Jurassic.
The reality was that there was never enough money. The contract with Global Marine was fixed and the remaining funds were for all the rest. If the planners asked for better bits or more logging, then the money had to come out of science operations. For example, until the very end of DSDP in 1983, NSF allowed expenditure for only one computer for word processing for a project that was publishing a 1000-page hard-back report on scientific results every two months. The Long Haul As easily predicted, before the ship had progressed more than part way along its planned nine-leg track, plans were already changing and new proposals were submitted to extend the project.