Download A Beginner’s Guide to Identifying The Protostelids by Frederick W. Spiegel, John D. Shadwick, Lora A. Lindley, PDF

By Frederick W. Spiegel, John D. Shadwick, Lora A. Lindley, Matthew W. Brown

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Additional info for A Beginner’s Guide to Identifying The Protostelids

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Stalk: very short, wide, with a cup-like apophysis that occupies one third to more than one half the total length of the stalk. Spore: spherical, roughened in appearance by the presence of numerous spines and warts on the spore wall (Fig. C). This spore wall sculpturing often makes the spores appear to be less refractile than those of other protostelids. Some spores may contain two cells in some isolates. Such spores look ellipsoid from above and from the side. Prespore Cell (PSP): not shown, circular in outline.

It has slime columns that may show a number of morphologies, and though it is usually white, a fructification may show a whole range of colors, especially early in development. Fructifications may range in size from a few millimeters to over a meter. The species occurs most frequently on rotting wood in mesic to wet forests a day or two after a soaking rain. It is very rarely found in moist chamber cultures for myxomycetes (as was the case with this specimen) and has never been reported in PIP for protostelids.

The two sporocarps marked with arrows in Fig. B show stalks whose bases are not blocked by the substrate such that their whole length is obvious. Spore: essentially spherical with a distinct, raise reticulum of ridges that is easily visible even at low magnifications (arrows, Fig. A-C). Prespore Cell (PSP): not shown, round in outline. Scale bar: 100µm, A,B: 50µm C. Comments: Though this species is widespread, it is rare. Nontheless, its reticulate spores are so distinctive that it is almost impossible to mistake for any other species.

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