By Andrei Makine
In international struggle II Ivan Demidov received the purple Army's maximum award for bravery, that of Hero of the Soviet Union. however the a long time following the battle have introduced him a lifetime of complication, alleviated simply by means of his delight during this fulfillment and the modest privileges granted to struggle veterans. His daughter, Olya, however, born in 1961 and knowledgeable as a linguist, takes up a publish as an interpreter at Moscow's overseas company middle with entry to a metropolitan way of life past the goals of her mom and dad. the single trap is that her task includes servicing international businessmen round the clock and passing on information regarding them to the KGB. this can be a attractive drama of disillusionment and stress among the 2 generations: the person who grew up less than Stalin and observed its religion in him disintegrate and the person who grew up less than Brezhnev, fixated at the glamour of the West and its fabric items. Makine's vibrant and actual evocation of way of life in post-war Soviet Russia fits in its depth the pix of nineteenth-century Russian existence provided via Dostoevsky and Tolstoy.
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Extra info for A Hero's Daughter
The distribution of power in the Soviet system is marked by a number of features congruent with the goal-rational order of authority: it is practically monopolised by officials, and those responsible for task-achieving activities are in general more powerful than those responsible for rule-applying activities; it is arranged hierarchically, but there are many hierarchies with different amounts and kinds of power; the most powerful hierarchy is the one bearing primary responsibility for coordinating the others and vetting their performance, namely the party apparatus at central, republic, regional, city and district levels, whose top officials, their 'first secretaries', exercise something like 'prefectural' or gubernatorial powers and status in their respective areas; 24 at the summit the weak authority of formal rules encourages considerable flux in the degree of concentration of power and its distribution among different positions and collective bodies; nevertheless the requirements of effective task-achievement favour the emergence of a dominant leader who may then exploit the charismatic potentialities in the authority-system to build a position of exceptional personal power.
35· A fuller account would also have to note developments in the capitalist democracies which could be seen as tending towards the Soviet model. , and the tendency of these to reduce the role of the public political process in policy-making. See, for instance, G. M. Dillon, 'Policy and Dramaturgy: A Critique of Current Conceptions of Policy-making', Policy and Politics, v, no. 1 ( 1976) 47-62, and Peter Self; Ecorwcrats and the Poliq Process (London, New York, Melbourne, 1975). 36. See Donald R.
Let us return now to Bukharin 's analysis of the state in 1 g 16. He proceeded from the deceptively simple and unimpeachably orthodox proposition that the state was a product and reflection of class diflcrentiation within society. That proposition, he pointed out, was the starting point of Engels's Origin of the Family, Private Properry and the State. a The state appeared, therefore, at a specific stage of social evolution when the productive forces, and the consequent division oflabour within society, were sufficiently elaborated to give rise to distinct classes.