By J. Dee Kille
The "Red scare" of the Nineteen Fifties created a countrywide trouble that challenged options of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yank society. The challenge was once specifically frustrating in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom came across themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly conflict. The college of Nevada in Reno used to be no exception. The collage ahead of and through international battle II used to be a small (fewer than 2,000 scholars) college providing simple courses to a principally Nevada-based pupil physique within the nation’s least-populated country. The campus used to be quiet, safe, conventional, and customarily conservative. The postwar years introduced booming enrollments and new college individuals, many from outdoors Nevada, imbued with a feeling of the significance of analysis and of shared educational governance. quickly, the collage chanced on itself embroiled in an severe controversy that threatened its educational integrity or even raised issues approximately its destiny as a attainable establishment. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president caused the predicament. Mandated by means of a conservative Board of Regents to "clean up" the collage, Stout delivered to his new task a prepared experience of undertaking and a strident dedication to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His next battles with college and scholars over their function in collage governance and over the very nature of upper schooling quickly degenerated into indignant accusations of school Communist sympathies and sour confrontations over educational unfastened speech, educational freedom, and loyalty. The typhoon introduced the college nationwide notoriety and made the management of upper schooling a massive factor inside of Nevada, eventually regarding the nation legislature and the courts with a view to unravel the clash. J. Dee Kille’s vigorous and insightful account of the drawback "on the hill" rests on a variety of archival resources, interviews and oral histories, college files, and released assets. of important curiosity to readers drawn to Fifties Nevada, the ebook additionally serves as a strong case examine of the devastating impression of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American college in this turbulent period within the nation’s background.
Read Online or Download Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) PDF
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Additional info for Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History)
Richardson, not only to condone, but to perpetuate and implement that autocratic administration and thus, tacitly, also to approve the several acts of personal discrimination in matters of position, salary and tenure which I know to have occurred under it, as well as the unwarranted and damaging aﬀronts to yourself, Dr. Richardson, and three other members of the faculty which led to the hearing, I cannot but feel that the decision has practically been forced upon me. Who Is the Boss, Anyway? ’’ 2 Fuel, it seems, turned out to be the liquid of choice of the Board of Regents.
Each of these points of view is a direct reﬂection of the diametric nature of the interpretations of employer-employee and administration-faculty relationships. Robert M. MacIver, professor emeritus of political philosophy and sociology at Columbia University, has studied this dichotomy.
21 Whether the president was actually taperecording the conversation or not, the intent was clearly intimidation, and the eﬀect was to stiﬂe free speech. Among the important points of Bestor’s article about which Stout and Richardson disagreed was the author’s qualiﬁcations to write an article critical of admission standards. Richardson believed Bestor was competent because he had long experience in higher education and because admission qualiﬁcations were a topic of vital interest to all academics.