By X. Le Pichon, M. Melguen, J. C. Sibuet (auth.), Henry Charnock, Sir George Deacon (eds.)
The papers on the common Symposia of the Joint Oceanographic meeting have been provided by way of authors who have been invited to accommodate issues of large interdisciplinary curiosity. jointly they gave a invaluable account of the current country of marine learn, its proQlems and power. There turns out advantage in publishing them in a single quantity and we're thankful to the authors who kindly agreed to arrange their papers for book. This has taken a while (and no longer all authors stumbled on it attainable) yet we are hoping the ensuing quantity remains to be indicative of tendencies in sleek oceanography. fairly obvious is the best way the utilized features are starting to play a extra very important half even with concerns in regards to the results of the legislation of the ocean on our freedom to make observations. we're particularly thankful to the 4 authors who agreed to offer lectures summarising the paintings of their personal box which was once suggested on the meeting. We additionally desire to thank the opposite authors, in addition to all all in favour of the meeting and with the construction of this volume.
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Values near unity are indicative of a crustal origin for the atmospheric contents of the element. Values significantly higher or lower than one suggest sources other than crustal materials or fractionation processes relative to aluminium for the element X entering the atmosphere. Enrichment factors for a group of elements in the atmospheres of the North Atlantic and of the South Pole are presented in Table 1. The elements Cr, Zn, Cu, Pb, Sb and Se are markedly enriched in the atmosphere (Table 1).
RIEDEL, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 828 p. , 1971 : Sediment transport and distribution in the Argentine Basin, 4. Bathymetry of the continental margin, Argentine Basin and other related provinces. Canyons and sources of sediments. H. ), Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, VIII, pp. 73-121. V. p. KENNETT, 1970 : Antarctic glaciation during the Tertiary recorded in sub-Antarctic deep-sea cores : Science, v. 170, p. 1085-1087. E. , 1970. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol.
Some of these elements with high enrichment factors have volatile compounds. Duce et al. ) acknowledge both low and high temperature volatilization processes to transfer the metals to the atmosphere. They also indicate the possibility of biologically mediated vaporizations and of the fractionation of these metals during the formation of sea spray and suggest that these processes are worthy of assessment. Goldberg (1976) noted that the abundance patterns of five elements in the atmosphere and in rains were similar to the order of volatility found in spectrographic studies with the dc arc.