Download Alcohol in America : taking action to prevent abuse by Steven Olsen; Dean R Gerstein PDF

By Steven Olsen; Dean R Gerstein

Alcohol is a killer. one among each 13 deaths within the usa is alcohol-related. This ebook takes a glance on the challenge, and comes in handy for these within the alcoholism prevention company. it's also geared toward counselors, politicians, judges, doctors, and police officers through the kingdom.

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Extra resources for Alcohol in America : taking action to prevent abuse

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If the driver refused, illegal intoxication was assumed. Judges had no discretion in sentencing. The first offense resulted in a mandatory one-year suspension of a driver's license. The Road Safety Act had a dramatic impact on Britain's drivers. In the three months after it took effect, traffic fatalities dropped 23 percent in Britain. In the first year of the act, the percentage of drivers killed who were legally drunk dropped from 27 percent to 17 percent. These general trends mask several specific changes in British drinking practices.

DO TOUGHER PENALTIES HAVE AN EFFECT? There may be another way besides increased enforcement to keep people from driving while drunk. If the penalties imposed by courts and juries for drunk driving are severe, people may think twice about taking to the road when intoxicated. This alternative has the potential to be less costly than increased police surveillance, except for the drunk drivers caught, and would also concentrate the burden of stricter laws on drunk drivers rather than on all drivers.

In the 1970s the Department of Transportation funded 35 locally organized and managed Alcohol Safety Action Projects in various parts of the country. Each project sought in its own way to combine an increased risk of arrest, more effective trial and rehabilitation procedures, and public education to reduce the number of accidents caused by drunk driving. By increasing surveillance, targeting patrols for specific times and places, and motivating police to make arrests, many of the jurisdictions involved were able to double and triple the number of DWI arrests.

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