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Additional info for Annual Review of Immunology Volume 11 1993
Functional characterization of the antigen-presentation defect. J. Immunol. 141:253~44 28. Ashwell, J. , DeFranco, A. , Paul, W. , Schwartz, R. H. 1984. Antigen presentation by resting B cells. Radiosensitivity of the antigen-presentation function and two distinct pathways of T cell activation. J. Exp. Med. 159: 881905 29. Imboden, J. , Stobo, J. D. 1985. Transmembranesignalling by the T3-antigen receptor complex. Immunol. Today. 6:328-31 30. Gajewski, T. , Schell, S. , Fitch, F. W. 1990. Evidence implicating utilization of different T cell receptorassociated signalling pathways by TH1 and TH2 clones.
I. IFN-yinhibits the pro- 19. Fiorentino, D. , liferation of Th2 but not Thl murine Mosmann, T. , O’Garra, HTLclones. 3". 140:4245-52 A. 1991. ILl0 inhibits cytokine pro10. , Sanders, V. J. Mosmann,T. , Vitetta, E. S. 1988. Immunol. 147:3815-22 Annual Reviews Annu. Rev. Immunol. 11:29-48. org by HINARI on 08/30/07. For personal use only. 46 FITCH ET AL 20. Bradley, L. M,, Duncan, D. , Swain, S. L. 1991. Characterization of antigen-specific CD4+ effector T cells in vivo: Immunization results in a transient population of MEL14-, CD45RB-helper cells that secretes interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-3, IL4, and interferon 7.
The choice of APCoften seems to have been made for convenience rather than for relevance to the situation in vivo. This is an important consideration since, as discussed above, T lymphocyte subsets respond differently to various types of APC. It is not certain howresults obtained with murine T cell clones relate to activation events initiated by stimulation of naive T cells with antigen, but at least some of the mechanismsthat regulate the initial activation of + T cells probably differ from those that control the reactivation of CD4 previously stimulated cells.