By Chün Hsing, Jun Xing
This examine examines how the social gospel, an indigenous American reform ideology, used to be exported to the turbulent chinese language state of affairs within the early 20th century by means of the younger MenOs Christian organization. starting with an summary of the YMCA and its function in American Christianity round the flip of the century, this publication relates how the establishment developed and built its personal type of Social Gospel Protestantism.
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Extra resources for Baptized in the fire of revolution: the American social gospel and the YMCA in China, 1919-1937
In 1936, the percentage fell to 47, but still Page 15 almost a significant half. 10 Ever since the first American missionary landed at Canton in 1830, with some notable exceptions, most of the American missionaries, motivated by revivalist Evangelism and by a secular sense of mission, adopted a conquering attitude toward China, the "heathen land," and demanded a total ideological surrender of its Chinese converts. However, starting at the turn of the century, the social gospel movement transformed American Protestantism and greatly influenced its mission work in China.
C. Leung. ) 99 Chou En-lai and Eugene Barnett, 1940. ) 100 Page 11 Acknowledgments This study has been a rewarding experience for me both intellectually and personally. I feel constantly inspired by the Chinese YMCA, by Chinese and American secretaries, and by YMCA-sponsored social reforms. At a more personal level, I often feel humbled by the help, cooperation, and guidance I received from the numerous people I have been working with for the past four years, including my advisers and mentors, the archivists and librarians, and the people I have interviewed.
His seminar on American social welfare history in 1989 first brought my attention to the China records in the YMCA Archives. It is only through his good-humored encouragement and advice that this study was made possible. Acknowledgments are due also to Profs. Edward L. Farmer, David Noble, and Robert Tapp, who have been on both my prelim and dissertation committees. I am also deeply indebted to Dagmar Getz from the YMCA Archives for her gracefulness, resourcefulness, and consistent help. I have learned from her what an invaluable role an archivist plays in the works of researchers.