Download Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era by Zbigniew K. Brzezinski PDF

By Zbigniew K. Brzezinski

В своей книге «На рубеже веков: Роль Америки в Технотронной Эре», американский политолог и социолог Збигнев Бжезинский предрекает наступление технотронной эры, завершающей индустриальную эпоху. Для планомерного перехода в технотронную эру, автор предлагает создать союз между промышленно-развитыми капиталистическими странами: США, Западной Европы, Японии. Это предложение повлекло за собой создание Трехсторонней комиссии, поставившей перед собой цель консультировать ведущие мировые державы Америки, Европы и Азии по вопросам мировых проблем. Инициатором создания комиссии был Дэвид Рокфеллер. В 1972 году эта инициатива была поддержана на заседании Билдербергского клуба, а в 1973 году комиссия была организован. Збигнев Бжезинский вошел в комиссию как исполнительный директор, находясь на этом посту с 1973 по 1976 год. В настоящей книге, рассматривая различные проблемы перехода в технотронную эру, Бжезинский делает весьма интересные прогнозы будущего. Национальные государства, по его прогнозам, в течении ближайших десятилетий (книга написана в 1970 году) будут терять политический вес. Также, он прогнозирует возможность усиления контроля и управления над населением при помощи новых технологий в области электроники и биохимии. По мнению Бжезинского технотронная эра создаст транснациональную элиту, озабоченную мировыми проблемами, со своим языком межнационального общения, единой информационной средой, единой культурой.

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The impact of "accidental" cities is already contributing to the depersonalization of individual life as the kinship structure contracts and enduring relations of friendship become more difficult to maintain. Julian Huxley was perhaps guilty of only slight exaggeration when he warned that "overcrowding in animals leads to distorted neurotic and downright pathological behavior. We can be sure that the same is true in principle of people. " f 7 The problem of identity is likely to be complicated by a generation gap, intensified by the dissolution of traditional ties and values derived from extended family and enduring community relationships.

In a special report on American scientific policies, submitted in early 1968, a group of experts connected with OECD concluded that Americas scientific and technical enterprise is deeply rooted in American tradition and To measure innovating performance, OECD analysts checked to see where one hundred and thirty-nine selected inventions were first used. , computers, semi-conductors, pharmaceuticals, plastics, iron and steel, machine tools, non-ferrous metals, scientific instruments, and synthetic fibers).

The Ambivalent Disseminator The United States is the principal global disseminator of the technetronic revolution. It is American society that is currently having the greatest impact on all other societies, prompting a far-reaching cumulative transformation in their outlook and mores. At various stages in history different societies have served as a catalyst for change by stimulating imitation and adaptation in others. What in the remote past Athens and Rome were to the Mediterranean world, or China to much of Asia, France has more recently been to Europe.

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