By Anna Magrini
In Europe, the construction quarter debts for forty% of strength intake which has a powerful effect on greenhouse fuel emissions. The e-book offers with effective methodologies aimed to lessen greenhouse fuel emissions within the development area. This contains analyses of the development envelopes, the heating structures, using solar power and the evaluation of the environmental and effort sustainability of the proposed recommendations. After a short advent to the actual basics inquisitive about the learn, effects are offered to aid reasonably-priced technical options to advertise activities for power saving, within the most crucial fields and with the main monetary advantage.
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Extra info for Building Refurbishment for Energy Performance: A Global Approach
F 06 SM—stone masonry with air layer. g 06 SM—stone masonry with air layer— cavity insulation. h 07 SM—stone masonry with insulated layer. i 08 CM—brick and stone masonry. j 09 CM—masonry with air layer. k 10 CM—hollow concrete block masonry (1). l 11 CM—hollow concrete block masonry (2). m 11 CM—hollow concrete block masonry (2)— cavity insulation. n 12 HB—hollow brick masonry (1). o 12 HB—hollow brick masonry (1)— cavity insulation. p 13 HB—air layer brick masonry (1). q 13 HB—air layer brick masonry (1)— cavity insulation.
5 (Table 12). 1 Existing Walls Condensation occurs in the following existing structures: • Wall 06, in the climatic conditions of Milan and Hamburg (\2 g/m2). • Wall 07, in the climatic conditions of Milan, Paris, Brussels (\3 g/m2) and Hamburg (\6 g/m2). • Wall 11 and 18, in the climatic conditions of Milan (\110 and \350 g/m2, respectively), Hamburg (\200 and \2,000 g/m2), Paris and Brussels (\35 and \720 g/m2). • Wall 14 and 16, in the climatic conditions of Milan (\20 and \4 g/m2, respectively).
8 a Thermal transmittance U. 12 W/(m2 K) 7 4 7 6 case, the amount of condensation is moderate and lower than the maximum values for the materials involved. In case of internal insulation, the climatic conditions of Rome do not cause condensation at all; in Madrid, condensation occurs, but it satisfies the two criteria for interstitial condensation (acceptable maximum Opaque Building Envelope 55 Fig. 9 a Thermal transmittance U. b Dynamic transmittance Yie according to the insulation thickness (air layer) condensate quantity and complete evaporation).