Download Cannabis Policy, Implementation And Outcomes by Mirjam Van Het Loo PDF

By Mirjam Van Het Loo

Offers a overview of the medical literature on hashish coverage and its results. The political debate on hashish coverage is usually extra in line with reviews than on facts. in spite of the fact that, evidence-based wisdom is needed to layout potent hashish coverage. approach. A assessment of the medical literature on hashish coverage and its effects used to be carried out, concentrating on 3 concerns: (1) the variation among formal coverage and genuine implementation; (2) the influence of coverage on incidence of hashish use; and (3) the results of hashish coverage for clients and society. effects. (1) neighborhood professionals, police departments and neighborhood courts vary in how they enforce hashish coverage, and implementation generally deviates significantly from the formal coverage; (2) The restricted to be had proof favors the speculation that coverage and occurrence of hashish use aren't strongly hooked up. even if, there's not often any literature concentrating on the results of hashish coverage as applied; (3) even if in-depth experiences are scarce, hashish coverage turns out to have damaging side-effects for hashish arrestees well past the direct effects in their arrest. they've got, for instance, extra problems discovering a role simply because they've got a felony checklist. Conclusions. The evidentiary foundation for hashish coverage is quite slender. The learn comprises an schedule for extra learn on hashish coverage. The political debate on hashish coverage is usually extra in accordance with reviews than on facts. even if, evidence-based wisdom is needed to layout powerful hashish coverage. A evaluation of the medical literature on hashish coverage and its outcomes used to be performed. The evidentiary foundation for hashish coverage is very slender. The learn comprises an time table for additional study on hashish coverage.

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In conclusion, several studies provide an indication of the extent to which prosecutors influence on the way in which cannabis policy is implemented. 1 provides an overview of the formal and informal enforcement practices of cannabis policy in EU Member States. , L. L. Pacula (RAND; National Bureau of Economic Research), J. Chriqui (The MayaTech Corporation), R. MacCoun (University of California at Berkeley; RAND); and Prof. Dr. P. html 28 offences, even if their formal drug laws do not distinguish between cannabis and other illicit drugs.

In contrast to the US, cannabis policy in the Netherlands has been focused on harm reduction and integration of cannabis users. Especially, since 1976 the Dutch adopted a formal policy of non-enforcement (‘gedoogbeleid’) for violations involving possession or sale of up to 30 grams of cannabis, which was reduced to 5 grams in 1996. Since 1976, the Dutch regime is often referred to as ‘de facto’ legalisation. Following the policy change, cannabis prevalence started to increase steadily. Some researchers have used this longitudinal trend as an indication of failing decriminalisation policy.

G. MacCoun and Reuter, 1997; 2001a; 2001b), with the notable exception of Cohen and Kaal (2001). 19 A “dummy variable” set equal to one in those states where cannabis has been decriminalised and zero for “prohibition states”. 33 The following sections discuss the results, implications and shortcomings of analyses, such as those described above, within and across several countries. 2 Previous literature reviews Harrison et al. (1995) reviewed the then existing literature on the impact of drug policy in the US on prevalence of cannabis use.

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