Download Catherine the Great: Life and Legend by John T. Alexander PDF

By John T. Alexander

Probably the most colourful characters in smooth historical past, Catherine II of Russia all started her existence as a minor German princess, till the childless Empress Elizabeth and Catherine's personal scheming mom married her off to the Grand Duke Peter of Russia at age 16. through thirty-three, she had overthrown her husband in a cold coup and validated herself as Empress of the multinational Russian Empire, the biggest territorial political unit in smooth heritage.
Portrayed either as a political genius who restored to Russia the honour it had recognized within the days of Peter the good and as a despotic overseas adventuress who usurped the Russian throne, murdered her competitors, and tyrannized her matters, she was once, by means of all debts, a rare girl. Catherine the Great, the 1st renowned biography of the empress in response to modern scholarship, offers a bright portrait of Catherine as a mom, a lover, and, exceptionally, a very savvy ruler. targeting her lengthy reign (1762-96), John Alexander examines all facets of Catherine's existence and profession: the intense political techniques during which she gained the popularity of a nationalistic elite; her expansive overseas coverage; the household reforms with which she made over the Russian army, political constitution, and financial system; and, in fact, her notorious love life.
starting with an account of the dramatic palace rebel wherein Catherine unseated her husband and a heritage bankruptcy describing the situations of her early formative years and marriage, Alexander then proceeds chronologically in the course of the thirty-four years of her reign. providing Catherine in additional human phrases than past biographers have, Alexander comprises various quotations from her recollections and notes. We research, for example, not just the names and variety of her fans, yet her figuring out of what many thought of a surprising licentiousness. "The hassle is," she wrote, "that my center wouldn't willingly stay one hour with no love."
the results of 20 years' examine through considered one of America's major narrative historians of contemporary Russia, this actually remarkable paintings deals a much-needed, balanced reappraisal of 1 of history's such a lot scandal-ridden figures.

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A pneumonic infectio n seized he r o n 6 March 174 4 whil e th e Empress wa s away on a pilgrimage. The hig h fever, delirium , an d pai n i n th e side persuaded he r mother it was smallpox; so she vetoed blood-letting , whic h the doctor s recommended , contendin g that he r brothe r ha d die d o f smallpo x in Russi a onl y becaus e h e ha d bee n bled . Whil e Princes s Johann a argue d with th e physicians , her daughte r moaned i n pain . Th e Empres s rushe d bac k to Mosco w a t th e news , foun d Sophi a delirious , the n cradle d he r hea d whil e a surgeo n opene d a vein .

I was ver y boisterou s i n thos e days, " sh e admitte d later , feignin g slee p whe n put to bed early; "but a s soon a s I was alone I climbed astrid e my pillows an d galloped i n my bed unti l I wa s quite wor n out . . " 10 Princess Fik e learned a great deal by accompanying her mother , who m sh e remembered a s "beautiful , gay , an d frivolous, " a s wel l a s "extravagan t an d exceedingly generous " an d "fon d o f entertainmen t an d socia l life, " o n fre quent trip s t o othe r courts .

Bot h girl s die d young ; only on e so n survive d t o adulthood . Meanwhile , he r daughter , nickname d Fike or the dimunitiv e Figchen, gre w up quit e independently . Littl e is know n about he r yout h excep t wha t sh e chose t o recor d severa l decade s late r whe n she had alread y gaine d th e Russia n throne . Sh e wrote a t leas t seve n differen t versions o f her reminiscence s ove r a period o f som e fort y year s and , no t sur prisingly, change d man y detail s fro m on e draf t t o another .

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