By Sonya Michel
A accomplished background of kid care coverage and perform within the united states from the colonial interval to the current. It attracts on a variety of archival fabric to illustrate why the present baby care process developed because it has and locations its background inside a extensive comparative context.
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A complete background of kid care coverage and perform within the united states from the colonial interval to the current. It attracts on quite a number archival fabric to illustrate why the present baby care procedure advanced because it has and locations its heritage inside a large comparative context.
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Extra info for Children's Interests Mothers' Rights: The Shaping of America s Child Care Policy
Ideology and Industry From the mid-to late eighteenth century, depending on the region, two factors transformed women's relationship to child care and domestic industry. One was economic: the growth of the market and the advent of the putting-out system18 dramatically altered the structures of domestic manufacturing, making it more difficult for women to participate. The other was ideological: Americans began to place unprecedented emphasis on women's role in child rearing. Mutually reinforcing, these two factors discouraged mothers from working for wages and underscored their association with home and family.
Yet the tensions between early childhood education and child care, which persisted throughout the 1920s and 1930s, when both fields were seeking legitimation and authority, are instructive and require exploration. 22 Yet another set of disjunctures lies in the history of social welfare and welfare-state development. Child care seldom appears in American social welfare history, but when it does, it is usually subsumed under the heading of "child welfare," a move that not only obscures its social and gender implications but reproduces the association between child care and poverty, thus losing its universal potential.
During the Depression, some WPA-sponsored nursery schools were used as child care, but it was not until World War II that federally supported services became widely available, and those lasted only briefly. 20 Starting in the mid-1950s, American child care began to take on a distinctive public-private pattern that has continued to the present. In 1954 Congress passed a child care tax deduction, which was converted into a tax credit in the 1970s and extended in the 1980s. These measures, presented as a means of enhancing "parent choice," mainly benefited middle- and upper-income families and spurred the growth of both voluntary and commercial services in the private sector.