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By Feng Zhang

Chinese Hegemony: Grand method and overseas associations in East Asian History joins a swiftly becoming physique of vital literature that mixes heritage and diplomacy concept to create new views on East Asian political and strategic habit. The publication explores the strategic and institutional dynamics of diplomacy in East Asian heritage while imperial China used to be the undisputed nearby hegemon, focusing extensive on significant points of chinese language hegemony on the time: the grand ideas China and its buddies followed of their strategic interactions, and the foreign associations they engaged in to keep up local order—including yet now not restricted to the tribute system.

Feng Zhang attracts on either chinese language and Western highbrow traditions to boost a relational idea of grand approach and primary associations in nearby kinfolk. the idea is evaluated with 3 case experiences of Sino-Korean, Sino-Japanese, and Sino-Mongol family in the course of China's early Ming dynasty—when a kind of Confucian expressive procedure used to be a vital characteristic of local family members. He then explores the coverage implications of this relational version for realizing and examining modern China's upward push and the altering East Asian order. The ebook indicates a few historic classes for knowing modern chinese language overseas coverage and considers the opportunity of a extra relational and cooperative chinese language procedure within the future.

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This argument shifts the analytical focus to the question of the conditions of different strategies and away from the absolute dominance of one strategy or another. My third argument challenges the venerable paradigm of the tribute system in the traditional historical as well as the more recent IR literatures. According to its most significant exponent, the eminent historian John K. 23 But in fact, Fairbank described the tribute system mainly as a mechanism for diplomacy and trade symbolized by foreign rulers’ presentation of native products as tribute to the Chinese court.

The various Japanese rulers, in contrast, adopted the strategies of exit, access, and deference at different times. Like the Sino-Korean relationship, expressive rationality was an essential but not dominant feature of the relationship. And again, I find a strong correlation between degrees of interest conflict and specific rationality. Overall, this relationship was not one of Chinese hierarchy. The degree of Chinese authority over Japanese rulers was rather limited. Chapter 5, on Sino-Mongol relations, completes empirical evaluation of the relational theory.

I am especially grateful to Victoria Hui for her invaluable advice almost from the start of this project. Wang Gungwu’s interest in my work has been a particular encouragement to me. Barry Buzan, David Kang, Peter Katzenstein, Richard Ned Lebow, William Tow, Tsai Mon-Han, and Yuan-kang Wang have all read part or whole of the manuscript and provided insightful comments and suggestions. Dave Kang and Ned Lebow read multiple drafts and provided extensive feedback. Ned Lebow, moreover, has been extremely helpful in the final submission stage.

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