By Harold S. Wilson
By 1860 the South ranked excessive one of the built nations of the area in according to capita source of revenue and existence expectancy and within the variety of railroad miles, telegraph strains, and associations of upper studying. basically the key eu powers and the North had extra cotton and woolen spindles.
This booklet examines the accomplice military's application to control this filthy rich business base via a quartermaster process. by way of commandeering greater than part the South's produced items for the army, the quartermaster basic, in a waft towards socialism, appropriated countless numbers of generators and regulated the stream of southern manufacturing unit commodities.
the main arguable of the quartermasters common was once Colonel Abraham Charles Myers. His iron hand set the controls of southern production through the struggle. His able successor, Brigadier normal Alexander R. Lawton, carried out the 1st census of accomplice assets, proven the plan of construction and distribution, and arranged the Bureau of overseas offers in a method for uploading elements, equipment, items, and army uniforms.
whereas the Confederacy mobilized its turbines for army reasons, the Union systematically deliberate their destruction. The Union blockade ended the effectiveness of uploading items, and less than the Union army's common Order a hundred accomplice was once overwhelmed. the nice antebellum production growth used to be over.
shortage and impoverishment within the postbellum South introduced brands to the leading edge of southern political and ideological management. Allied for the reason for southern improvement have been former accomplice generals, newspaper editors, educators, and President Andrew Johnson himself, an investor in a southern cotton mill.
in contrast postwar mania to rebuild, this publication checks previous assumptions approximately southern commercial re-emergence. It discloses, even earlier than the beginnings of Radical Reconstruction, that plans for a brand new South with an city, industrialized society have been validated at the previous foundations and on an ideology announcing that purely technology, know-how, and engineering may well repair the quarter.
inside of this philosophical mould, Henry Grady, one of many New South's nice reformers, led the best way for southern production. via the start of the 1st global warfare part the nation's spindles lay in the former Confed-eracy, domestic of a brand new increase in production and the land of America's staple crop, cotton.
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Additional info for Confederate Industry: Manufacturers and Quartermasters in the Civil War
Stevenson, a professional railroad builder, president of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, and proponent of cotton mills, as chief quartermaster for General Albert Sidney Johnson’s army. Stevenson established a major depot at Nashville and subdepots at Memphis and other towns across the state. ’’23 Stevenson’s activities required him to buy supplies on the A B R A H A M C . M Y E R S , Q UA R T E R M A S T E R G E N E R A L 11 open market or fabricate them when necessary. ’’24 Stevenson in turn recruited Tennessee merchants, such as George W.
A revealing case developed regarding George Schley’s Richmond factory near Augusta. S. government. Schley provided an imposing list of references. ’’27 The manufacturer held contracts with the South Carolina government and had the endorsement of Governor Joseph E. Brown of Georgia, for whom he had agreed ‘‘to make 12 A B R A H A M C . ’’28 But such unsolicited proposals were outside the Confederate military regulations at that time, and, as a consequence, Myers rejected them with a stock response.
88 At Roswell, George Camp wrote that ‘‘when Major F. ’’89 In fact, Ferguson purchased nineteen bales of warps to be used in the Virginia woolen mills. 90 Johnson shipped these goods, due in November, to Richard Waller’s Clothing Depot in Richmond for manufacture. 91 On August 7, Ferguson bought coiled rope at Roswell 24 A B R A H A M C . 95 Some factories refused to contract with the Confederate authorities. ’’ John S. 97 On August 10, as Ferguson completed his arrangements in the Lower South, Myers determined to secure the majority of his military supplies in England and France.