Download Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: by M. C. Roco, W. S. Bainbridge (auth.), Mihail C. Roco, PDF

By M. C. Roco, W. S. Bainbridge (auth.), Mihail C. Roco, William Sims Bainbridge (eds.)

M. C. Roco and W.S. Bainbridge within the early many years of the twenty first century, targeted efforts can unify technological know-how in accordance with the solidarity of nature, thereby advancing the mix of nanotechnology, biotechnology, info know-how, and new applied sciences dependent in cognitive technological know-how. With right consciousness to moral matters and societal wishes, converging in human skills, societal applied sciences may well in attaining an important development results, the nation's productiveness, and the standard of lifestyles. it is a vast, go­ slicing, rising and well timed chance of curiosity to members, society and humanity within the long-term. The word "convergent applied sciences" refers back to the synergistic mixture of 4 significant "NBIC" (nano-bio-info-cogno) provinces of technology and know-how, each one of that is at the moment progressing at a fast fee: (a) nanoscience and nanotechnology; (b) biotechnology and biomedicine, together with genetic engineering; (c) info expertise, together with complex computing and communications; (d) cognitive technology, together with cognitive neuroscience. well timed and extensive chance. Convergence of various applied sciences is predicated on fabric team spirit on the nanoscale and on know-how integration from that scale.

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Government, professional societies, and other organizations should play in this converging technology priority area: a) Individuals. Scientists and engineers at every career level should gain skills in at least one NBIC area and in neighboring disciplines, collaborate with colleagues in other fields, and take risks in launching innovative projects that could advance technology convergence for enhancing human performance. b) Academe. Educational institutions at all levels should undertake major curricular and organizational reforms to restructure the teaching of science and engineering so that previously separate disciplines can converge around common principles to train the technical labor force for the future.

Huettner, P. Kuekes, J. C. Roco, S. S. Williams In a sense, this section of the report gives the authors their assignment, which is to identify the technological benefits of convergence that could be of greatest value to human performance and to consider how to achieve them. Five of the statements were contributed by representatives of government agencies: The Office of Science and Technology Policy, The Department of Commerce, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation.

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