By Benjamin Franklin Cooling
In the course of the summer time of 1862, a accomplice resurgence threatened to show the tide of the Civil conflict. while the Union’s prior multitheater thrust into the South proved to be a strategic overreach, the Confederacy observed its probability to opposite the lack of the higher South via counteroffensives from the Chesapeake to the Mississippi. Benjamin Franklin Cooling tells this tale in Counter-Thrust, recounting in harrowing element Robert E. Lee’s flouting of his antagonist George B. McClellan’s force to trap the accomplice capital at Richmond and describing the accomplice hero’s long-dreamt-of offensive to reclaim primary and northern Virginia sooner than crossing the Potomac. Counter-Thrust additionally offers a window into the Union’s inner clash at construction a profitable army management group in this defining interval. Cooling indicates us Lincoln’s management in disarray, with family among the president and box commander McClellan strained to the brink. He additionally exhibits how the fortunes of warfare shifted unexpectedly within the Union’s prefer, climaxing at Antietam with the bloodiest unmarried day in American history—and in Lincoln’s choice to announce a initial Emancipation Proclamation. the following in all its gritty element and significant intensity is a severe second within the unfolding of the Civil conflict and of yank historical past. (20080528)
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Additional resources for Counter-Thrust: From the Peninsula to the Antietam (Great Campaigns of the Civil War)
Yet the Yankee army seemed to weaken by the day, just as Rebel war clerk Jones had predicted. Only the navy’s gunboats dashed about, ﬂushing shorelines with desultory ﬁre to keep the Confederates at bay. One positive note came when Brig. Gen. ” Meanwhile, a “worn out and war worn” McClellan seemed incapable of reasonable decisions. His anxiety was obvious. True, he had saved his army and never tired of informing Washington to that effect. Lincoln thanked him for “the heroism and skill of yourself, ofﬁcers and men,” yet McClellan could not admit that Lee had out-generaled him.
Lacking details of McClellan’s scheme, it cannot be determined if railroad interdiction between the two cities might also have been contemplated. Uncertainty existed about several rumored Rebel ironclads abuilding at Richmond that could range downriver to disrupt Union control of the waterways. Federal intelligence was unsure of the ﬂow of reinforcements coming from the south to enhance Lee’s strength and placement of such units to counter any Federal advance using the James as a direct avenue to Richmond.
Declining cotton supplies threatened economic distress for inﬂuential mercantile interests, especially in Great Britain. Napoleon III of France had met with Confederate commissioner John Slidell on July 16, and the commissioner requested recognition of the Confederacy and military aid in the form of warships to break the Yankee blockade. As the Confederacy hovered on the verge of attaining its independence via the battleﬁeld, British and French intervention seemed likely. ” He admitted, “In all my thought upon the subject, I had entirely overlooked” the international factor.