By María de los Ángeles Gómez González (Ed.), J. Lachlan Mackenzie (Ed.), Elsa M. González Álvarez (Ed.)
This booklet examines the contribution of varied contemporary advancements in linguistics to contrastive research. The articles variety throughout a wide gamut of languages, with such a lot realization going to the languages of Europe. They express how advances in thought and laptop know-how are jointly impacting the sector of contrastive linguistics. half I focuses, from a greatly functional-cognitive perspective, at the shut hyperlink with typology, stressing the significance of embedding the remedy of grammatical different types of their contexts of use. half II turns to methodological matters, exploring the large strength provided by way of parallel, computer-accessible corpora to contrastive linguistics and to bettering the testability, authenticity and empirical adequacy of cross-linguistic experiences. half III is anxious with contrastive semantics, starting from person goods to complete grammatical structures, and indicates how meanings are coupled to language-specific cognitive thoughts or even to cultural variations in subjective expertise and the fashioning of private id.
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Extra info for Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives
In contrast to 3pl impersonals, verbal impersonals – both active and passive – have received an enormous amount of attention in the literature. Our discussion, however, will focus only on their referential properties. 1 Reflexive impersonals Reflexive impersonals (see Ruiz de Mendoza & Peña, this volume) in Romance and Slavic are morphologically third person. 14 In Slavic languages it is only the verb that is in the third person, the reflexive marker having no person features. The referents of reflexive impersonals, just like those of 3pl impersonals, are necessarily human.
1974; Egbert 1997). In the discussions, the anonymous writers express Marja-Liisa Helasvuo & Marjut Johansson their subjective opinion about a topic that belongs to a specific socio-cultural context. Forum discussions thus open up an interesting perspective on how reference to the writers themselves and the other participants is construed in context. In this chapter, we discuss the use of non-specific reference forms in French and Finnish forum discussions. In forum discussions, the relationship between the writers is construed through written interaction.
Theyˉrushedˉhimˉfromˉtheˉdungeon) Coming back to the organizational grouping use, as pointed out by Myhill, it is often unclear whether one or more individuals are literally involved in the action. For instance in (26) it could well have been a single individual who decided that the orderly should have left or alternatively a number of individuals. , when they are acting as representatives of a group, that the referents of a 3pl impersonal are open to an individual interpretation. However, this is not the case in other languages.