By Lawrence A. Kreiser Jr.
Reasonable Oaks, the Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, chilly Harbor, Petersburg—the record of vital battles fought by way of the second one Corps, military of the Potomac, is an extended and unusual one. This soaking up background of the second one Corps follows the unit's production and upward push to prominence, the battles that earned it a name for difficult struggling with, and the legacy its veterans sought to keep up within the years after the Civil struggle. greater than an account of battles, Defeating Lee will get to the center of what encouraged those males, why they fought so demanding, and the way they sustained a lively safeguard of reason and state lengthy after the weapons had fallen silent. (2011)
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Extra info for Defeating Lee: A History of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac
Whatever the reason, either jealousy or dislike, or both, McClellan stuck Sumner with the only division transferred from the army during the winter of 1862. Israel Richardson brought a strong reputation as one of Sumner’s two remaining division commanders. Richardson had gained abundant military experience after graduating from West Point in 1841. The Vermont native had served in the Seminole War and the Mexican War before settling down in the mid-1850s to farm outside Pontiac, Michigan. Richardson helped to raise the 2nd Michigan at the outbreak of the Civil War, and became the unit’s colonel.
A fatigued lieutenant colonel held some hope for respite by late December, because “Genl. ” Soldiers soon recognized the payoff for their time and fatigue was increased proficiency in drill. This was important in itself, Begi n n i ngs25 but also because strong showings on the parade ground swelled soldiers’ pride. ”67 Sumner also tightened discipline over the winter encampment. Again, all soldiers found their officers less tolerant of infractions as a spring campaign approached. But Sumner, as on the drill field, seemed almost everywhere in camp.
34 McClellan assigned artillery and cavalry units to each of his four corps, an attempt to emulate the combined arms capabilities that had enabled Napoleon to achieve such stunning military successes in Europe. The results never came up to the expectations, at least during the early war years. McClellan attached an artillery brigade to each division, with four batteries fielding a total of twenty-four guns. The pieces ranged in type, but the most common were smoothbore Napoleons and rifled Parrotts.