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By Felicia Gottmann

This charts the effect of world exchange on early glossy France targeting Asian textiles. The ban in 1686 resulted in enormous smuggling, illicit retail, and shopper revolts, but additionally to an attempt via the French management to obtain the know-how for his or her creation, and eventually to the 1st victory of the liberal Enlightenment political economy.

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Global Trade, Smuggling, and the Making of Economic Liberalism: Asian Textiles in France 1680–1760

This charts the effect of world exchange on early smooth France concentrating on Asian textiles. The ban in 1686 resulted in large smuggling, illicit retail, and client revolts, but in addition to an attempt by means of the French management to procure the know-how for his or her construction, and finally to the 1st victory of the liberal Enlightenment political financial system.

Additional info for Global Trade, Smuggling, and the Making of Economic Liberalism: Asian Textiles in France 1680–1760

Sample text

46 From the later seventeenth century onwards and throughout the eighteenth century the organisation of the trade in China was the same for all Europeans, who, like in India, were but one of many groups of international merchants and had to conform to local conditions. Since the Chinese allowed only very few Europeans into the country itself, European trade was generally limited to the city of Canton, modern-day Guangzhou, capital of the Guangdong province, on the Pearl River in south-eastern China.

The French received permission to join them from the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the 1660s. 13 Apart from coloured cottons, the French, like the British and Dutch, also bought embroidered cotton textiles, silks, and white cottons of different qualities from their basis in Surat. 14 Unfortunately, the document is as notable for its detailed descriptions as it is for the author’s unabashed hatred of Indian merchants. In pre-colonial India the execution of the trade was the same for all foreigners: it had to be conducted through Indian brokers or baniyas.

1761 1756 1749 1750 1731 1732 1733 1734 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1712 1714 1715 1716 1710 1704 1699 1691 1687 0 38 Global Trade, Smuggling, and the Making of Economic Liberalism Important were not only the quantity but especially the great variety of textiles on offer, even in years of low overall imports. The 1704 auction for instance was one of the smallest and did not even include any Chinese goods, since the China Company was at this point a separate entity. 59 This increased substantially as the Company’s trade expanded.

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