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By Wenda K. Bauchspies

Technological know-how, expertise and Society: A Sociological procedure is a entire consultant to the emergent box of technology, know-how, and society (STS) stories and its implications for modern-day tradition and society.

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Science, Technology and Society: A Sociological Approach

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Extra resources for Science, Technology and Society: A Sociological Approach

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Closure is the name for the point at which all of the social groups working (or competing) to define a new technology come (or are forced) to an agreement as to what the new thing is. It is an analogous process to deciding what a fact is. For example, bicycles today look very different from what they looked like at the turn of the twentieth century. The “ordinary” bicycle with its high front wheel met the objectives of “young men of means and nerve” to show off their new technology, their money and leisure time to ride, and their skills and daring (cf.

Feminists have identified and asked new questions that the mainstream then incorporates. This has been a major role of feminism and most likely will continue. Innovation often occurs in the margins and how its liberating potential will work for science is still open for debate. Some suggest it as a means to clarify and enrich science and to be more objective while others understand it as a way to create a new science or a more inclusive science and even as a new way to understand objectivity. Feminist sciences would be sciences consistent with feminist values and they would acknowledge the interplay of principles.

As the results of their work became clearer, researchers began to argue about priority. This argument was about the scientific and intellectual property privileges that would arise from being declared “first” and winners of the race. Similarly, while many have heard of Watson and Crick and give them credit for the “discovery” of the structure of DNA, most people have never heard of Rosalind Franklin, the crystallographer who provided much of the data Watson and Crick relied upon, and was close herself to understanding the structure of that molecule (Maddox 2002).

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