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By Erik J. Zurcher

The grand narrative of The younger Turk Legacy and state construction is that of the basic continuity of the overdue Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey that used to be based in 1923. Erik Jan Z?rcher indicates that Kemal's "ideological toolkit," which integrated positivism, militarism, nationalism and a state-centred global view, used to be shared through many different younger Turks. Authoritarian rule, a one-party country, a felony framework in line with ecu rules, complex European-style forms, monetary management, army and academic reforms and state-control of Islam, can all be present in the past due Ottoman Empire, as can rules of demographic engineering. The booklet makes a speciality of the makes an attempt of the younger Turks to save lots of their empire via pressured modernization in addition to at the makes an attempt in their Kemalist successors to construct a powerful nationwide country. the last decade of just about non-stop conflict, ethnic clash and compelled migration among 1911 and 1922 kinds the historical past to those makes an attempt and for that reason occupies a vital place during this volume.This is a robust historical past reflecting and contributing to the most recent examine from a number one historian of contemporary Turkey. it really is crucial for all readers drawn to the historical past of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, and for an figuring out of a key participant within the politics of the center East and Europe.

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Sükrü Haniog ˘ lu’s definitive studies of the Young Turk movement before the revolution, The Young Turks in Opposition and Preparation for a Revolution. The Young Turks 1902–1908. Immeasurably better documented, both with archival materials and published works of the Young Turks themselves, these books set a new standard. The actual revolution itself is dealt with on pages 265–78 of the second book. Haniog ˘ lu’s account is the most detailed and best documented that we have at our disposal. indd 28 3/23/2010 6:40:58 PM The Historiography of the Constitutional Revolution effort to gain information on the Young Turk movement and to suppress it, and documents from the CUP later published in the weekly supplement to the Unionist party newspaper ¸Surayı Ümmet.

Istiklâl Harbimiz is in many ways an anti-Nutuk. Both memoirs resemble each other closely in form and they also largely deal with the same subject matter and period, although Karabekir stops in 1922 with the victory of the nationalists over the Greek forces. ’25 The fact that we know that he wrote at least the first version of his memoirs between 1926 and 1933 also makes it probable that the book is a reaction · · to the Nutuk and the mottos both of Istiklâl Harbimiz (‘Istiklâl harbi yaptık. Amilleri yazmazsa tarihi masal olur’ – ‘We fought the independence war.

26 · What can we say about the reliability of Istiklâl Harbimiz? When we review the criteria we listed earlier, we come first to the character and the motives of the author. Karabekir comes alive from the pages of his book as a rather limited, honest man with an unmistakable tendency for vanity and self-importance. He certainly was not a far-sighted politician. The book is clearly an attempt at vindication, written at a time when he was very bitter about his forced retirement and the way his role was depicted in the Kemalist sources, and especially in the Nutuk.

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