By Philip Leigh
In Trading with the Enemy: The Covert economic system throughout the American Civil War, New York occasions Disunion contributor Philip Leigh recounts the little-known tale of clandestine trade among the North and South. Cotton was once so vital to the Northern economic climate that Yankees started growing to be it at the captured Sea Islands of South Carolina. quickly the impartial port of Matamoras, Mexico, turned a massive buying and selling middle, the place approximately all of the munitions shipped to the portmuch of it from Northern armorieswent to the Confederacy. After the autumn of recent Orleans and Vicksburg, a frenzy of contraband-for-cotton swept around the mammoth trans-Mississippi Confederacy, with Northerners occasionally paying for the cotton without delay from the accomplice govt. a desirable research, Trading with the Enemy adds one other layer to our knowing of the Civil War.
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Extra resources for Trading with the Enemy: The Covert Economy During the American Civil War
British textile companies exported fabric throughout the world, including the United States. They even reexported raw cotton. As a means of motivating Great Britain and France to intervene on behalf of the Confederacy, shortly after the war began in 1861, Southerners initiated an unofficial embargo of cotton exports and a drop in cotton plantings. The strategy became known as King Cotton Diplomacy. Since about one-fourth of the British population was economically dependent on the cotton textile industry, Britain's ability to abide the economic consequences of the war would depend on the length of the conflict and the country's available inventory of raw cotton and finished textile goods.
On an 1810 trip to Great Britain, he secretly examined the country's textile manufacturing equipment and returned to the United States to copy and improve it. In a stunning incident of industrial piracy, he set up the Boston Manufacturing Company at Waltham, where he used the Charles River to power waterwheels. It was the first integrated mill turning out cloth from raw cotton. Such was the beginning of the famous Boston Associates that would include the Amory, Cabot, Higginson, Jackson, Russell, Lawrence, and Lee families.
Both cities were near the center of the world's richest cotton-growing lands. 21 Chapter 6 describes a variety of evasions used. One method was to first ship cargoes to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where they could be converted into “Canadian” merchandise prior to running the blockade. 22 After Butler established a reputation as the maestro of wartime intersectional trade in New Orleans, he transferred his aptitudes to Norfolk, Virginia, where he was given command of the occupied port in November 1863.